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2020年浙江成人高考《英语》语法误用:虚拟语气

发布时间:2020-11-19 整编:浙江成人高考网 阅读量:

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2020年浙江成人高考《英语》语法误用:虚拟语气分割线
英语是一个需要长期学习、循序渐进的科目。多做题目的过程中,注意词汇积累,扩大词汇量,增强短语、固定搭配的用法记忆。小编浙江成考网为大家整理了一套英语语法误用,让我们来看看吧!

2020年浙江成人高考《英语》语法误用
 
1、中文:我要是你,我不会那么做。
 
(误)I shouldn"t do that if I was you.
 
(正)I shouldn"t do that if I were you.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气不能用was,只能用were.)
 
2、中文:要是我父亲现在在这里,他会告诉我该做什么。
 
(误)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.
 
(正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的助动词只能用would,might等过去时。)[环球网校成人高考频道整理虚拟语气误用]
 
3、中文:要是我知道她的电话号码,我就会给她打电话了。
 
(误)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.
 
(正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词要用过去完成时。)
 
4、中文:要是昨天没下雨她也许会来。
 
(误)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.
 
(正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的动词要用助动词的过去时might,could等+HAVE+过去分词。)
 
5、中文:我不认为我会失败,但要是我失败了,我会再努力。
 
(误)I don"t think that I shall fail.But if I failed,I would try again.
 
(正)I don"t think that I shall fail.But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词用should加原形动词。)

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